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Standard 6 : The Universe (Earth & Space Science)

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Conceptual Strand
The cosmos is vast and explored well enough to know its basic structure and operational principles.
Guiding Question
What big ideas guide human understanding about the origin and structure of the universe, Earth’s place in the cosmos, and observable motions and patterns in the sky?
 
Grade K
Grade Learning Expectations
GLE 0007.6.1  Know the different objects that are visible in the day and night sky.
Checks for Understanding
0007.6.1  Create a Venn diagram to compare the objects that can be seen in the day and night sky.
0007.6.2  Observe, discuss, and draw objects found in the day and night sky.
State Performance Indicators
 
Grade 1
Grade Learning Expectations
GLE 0107.6.1  Compare and describe features of the day and night sky.
GLE 0107.6.2  Realize that the sun can only be seen during the day, while the moon can be seen at night and sometimes during the day.
Checks for Understanding
0107.6.1  Create a chart of things that can be observed in the day and night sky.
0107.6.2  Identify objects in the sky and describe their observable similarities and differences.
State Performance Indicators
 
Grade 2
Grade Learning Expectations
GLE 0207.6.1  Realize that the sun is our nearest star and that its position in the sky appears to change.
GLE 0207.6.2  Make observations of changes in the moon’s appearance over time.
Checks for Understanding
0207.6.1  Observe and collect data on the sun's position at different times of the day.
0207.6.2  Use science journals to draw and record changes in the moon over a period of time.
State Performance Indicators
 
Grade 3
Grade Learning Expectations
GLE 0307.6.1  Identify and compare the major components of the solar system such as the sun, planets, sun, stars, and moon.
Checks for Understanding
0307.6.1  Create a model of the solar system depicting the major components and their relative positions and sizes.
0307.6.2  Use a table to compare and contrast the major solar system components.
State Performance Indicators
SPI 0307.6.1  Identify the major components of the solar system, i.e., sun, planets and moons.
 
Grade 4
Grade Learning Expectations
GLE 0407.6.1  Analyze patterns, relative movements, and relationships among the sun, moon, and earth.
Checks for Understanding
0407.6.1  Chart the movements of the sun, moon, and earth to develop an explanation for the phases of the moon and solar and lunar eclipses.
0407.6.2  Sequence the major phases of the moon during a lunar cycle.
State Performance Indicators
SPI 0407.6.1  Organize the phases of the moon in the correct sequence.
SPI 0407.6.2  Infer that the moon’s phases are caused by the revolution of the moon and earth around the sun.
 
Grade 5
Grade Learning Expectations
GLE 0507.6.1  Compare planets based on their known characteristics.
GLE 0507.6.2  Recognize that charts can be used to locate and identify star patterns.
Checks for Understanding
0507.6.1  Develop a chart that communicates the major characteristics of each planet.
0507.6.2  Use images of the night sky to identify different seasonal star patterns.
0507.6.3  Research a star pattern using a chart.
State Performance Indicators
SPI 0507.6.1  Distinguish among the planets according to their known characteristics such as appearance, location, composition, and apparent motion.
SPI 0507.6.2  Select information from a complex data representation to draw conclusions about the planets.
SPI 0507.6.3  Identify methods and tools for identifying star patterns.
 
Grade 6
Grade Learning Expectations
GLE 0607.6.1  Analyze information about the major components of the universe.
GLE 0607.6.2  Describe the relative distance of objects in the solar system from earth.
GLE 0607.6.3  Explain how the positional relationships among the earth, moon, and sun control the length of the day, lunar cycle, and year.
GLE 0607.6.4  Describe the different stages in the lunar cycle.
GLE 0607.6.5  Produce a model to demonstrate how the moon produces tides.
GLE 0607.6.6  Illustrate the relationship between the seasons and the earth-sun system.
GLE 0607.6.7  Describe the causes of lunar and solar eclipses.
Checks for Understanding
0607.6.1  Use data to draw conclusions about the major components of the universe.
0607.6.2  Construct a model of the solar system showing accurate positional relationships and relative distances.
0607.6.3  Investigate how the earth, sun, and moon are responsible for a day, lunar cycle, and year.
0607.6.4  Explain why the positions of the earth, moon, and sun were used to develop calendars and clocks.
0607.6.5  Illustrate the positions of the earth, moon, and sun during specific tidal conditions.
0607.6.6  Diagram the relationship of the earth and sun that accounts for the seasons.
0607.6.7  Model the positions of the earth, moon, and sun during solar and lunar eclipses.
State Performance Indicators
SPI 0607.6.1  Use data to draw conclusions about the major components of the universe.
SPI 0607.6.2  Explain how the relative distance of objects from the earth affects how they appear.
SPI 0607.6.3  Distinguish among a day, lunar cycle, and year based on the movements of the earth, sun, and moon.
SPI 0607.6.4  Explain the different phases of the moon using a model of the earth, moon, and sun.
SPI 0607.6.5  Predict the types of tides that occur when the earth and moon occupy various positions.
SPI 0607.6.6  Use a diagram that shows the positions of the earth and sun to explain the four seasons.
SPI 0607.6.7  Explain the difference between a solar and a lunar eclipse.
 
Grade 7
Grade Learning Expectations
No learning expectations at this grade level
Checks for Understanding
State Performance Indicators
 
Grade 8
Grade Learning Expectations
No learning expectations at this grade level
Checks for Understanding
State Performance Indicators